Wednesday, 10 April 2013

Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany



The Neue Pinakothek, also called the New Pinakothek, is an art museum in Munich, Germany. The focus of the museum is on European Art of the 18th and 19th century. The Neue Pinakothek is considered one of the most important museums of art of the 19th century in the world. Together with the Alte Pinakothek and the Pinakothek der Moderne, it is part of Munich’s “Kunstareal” or also known as the “art area.”
History of the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
The Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum was started with the collection of contemporary art by Ludwig, who was already the crown prince of Munich in 1809. When the fine arts museum was founded, the separation to the old masters in the Alte Pinakothek was fixed with the period shortly before the turn of the 19th century, which has become a criterion for many art galleries in Germany.
Due to the art appreciation of Ludwig I, there was initially a strong focus on paintings of German Romanticism and the Munich School. The dynastic considerations also played an important role as Greece has become a secundogeniture of Bavaria in the year 1832. In 1934, Carl Rottmann traveled to Greece to prepare for a commission from Ludwig I for a cycle of great Greek landscapes which was established in the Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum, where they were given their own art hall.
Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany in 1880
The Neue Pinakothek also houses an extraordinary collection of masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism that was brought by the so-called Tschudi Contribution in the year 1905 and 1914. A German and general director of the State Collections named Hugo von Tschudi acquired 44 paintings, 22 drawings, and nine sculptures, mostly from new French artists. Despite the Neue Pinakothek success, the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany also gone through difficulties. Since the public funds could not be used to purchase these art works, Tschudi’s colleagues came up with the money from private contributions after his death in 1911.
The restriction to the modern painters in Germany that was displayed in the Pinakothek der Moderne was later fixed by taking the restart of Henri Matisse and the Expressionists into account. Therefore, a painting of Matisse obtained by the Tschudi Contribution is displayed in the Pinakothek der Moderne.
Paintings in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
In the year 1915, the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany became the property of the Bavarian State. There is a self-portrait og Vincent van Gogh that was confiscated by the Nazi regime in 1938 as degenerate art and sold one year later.
The building, Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
Neue Pinakothek
The Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum is located in Munich, Germany. It was founded by the Bavarian Emperor Ludwig I in the year 1853. The first building of the Neue Pinakothek was constructed by August von Voit and Friedrich von Gartner and was later destroyed during the time of World War II. The remaining ruins of the fine arts museum were destroyed completely in the year 1949. The present Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum in Munich, Germany was built by a German architect named Alexander Freiherr von Brqanca, and in the year 1981 the Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum was finally opened to the public.
This fine arts museum is now under the management of the Bavarian State Picture Collection. Currently, the Neue Pinakothek museum houses 3,000 classic European, English and German paintings, as well as sculptures.
English paintings in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
The art collections in Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany displays Anton Graff’s paintings of Heinrich XIII, Don Jose Queralto, Jacques-Louis David, Johann Friedrich August Tischbein paintings of Nicolas Chatelain and Francisco de Goya portraying him as a doctor.
English painting in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
The collection of English paintings are from the United Kingdom. These art collections are also known as the masterworks which include the paintings of:
  • David Wilkie
  • George Romney
  • Henry Raeburn
  • J. M. W. Turner
  • John Constable
  • Joshua Reynolds
  • Richard Wilson
  • William Hogarth
  • Thomas Lawrence
  • Thomas Gainsborough’s painting that displays the flocks and the shepherds
German paintings in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
There is also a collection of German paintings in the fine arts museum that includes the works of:
  • Friedrich Overbeck
  • Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow
  • Heinrich Maria von Hess
  • Peter von Cornelius
  • Peter von Hess
Sculptures in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
Statue of Psych in the Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany
The Neue Pinakothek in Munich, Germany is very famous for its paintings, but it also features sculptures belonging to the 19th century. Sculptures of:
  • Antonio Canova
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Auguste Rodin
  • Bertel Thorvaldsen
  • Max Klinger
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Rudolph Schadow
As of today, the Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum in Munich, Germany is an impressive place to visit. The art museum has become a popular spot, which attracts locals and tourists from all over the world. The Neue Pinakothek fine arts museum opens at ten in the morning and closes at six in the evening except on Wednesdays where the art museum stays open until eight in the evening and on Tuesdays, which is a holiday in Germany. The admission fee is about four Euros for adults and nine Euros on special exhibits.