Wednesday, 10 April 2013

Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany



The town of Goslar is considered as one of the historic towns situated in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the administrative center of the district of Goslar and located on the northwestern slopes of the Harz mountain range at a height of 763 meters. The lowest point of Goslar is at 175 meters and is situated close to the Oker River. The soil at the Town of Goslar in Saxony,Germany is mostly fertile and agriculture is the main source and sugar plants are the major crop. The Old Town of Goslar and the Mines of Rammelsberg are included is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
History of the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany
Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany
The Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany has its history dated back from the Neolithic Period via the ancient Saxon times, Democratisation, the Emancipation, Enlightenment, German Nationalism, German reunification, the Holy Roman German Empire, German Imperialism, the Iron Curtain, Reformation, National Socialist Dictatorship including Racism and Genocide and Militarism. Moreover, the Town of Goslar can also field an exciting industrial history.
The Salian Emperor named Henry I founded the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany in the 10th century following the detection of silver deposits in the Rammelsberg mines. The wealth discovered was what brought the Emperor to Goslar. The wealth derived from silver mining also brought the Town of Goslar the status of an Imperial City, which attracted the interest of the Holy Roman Emperor and a lot of merchants.
Mediaeval Imperial Palace (Kaiserpfalz)
The medieval palace called the Goslar Medieval Imperial Palace or the also known as the Kaiserpflaz Goslar was built in the 11th century and became a summer residence for the emperors, especially to Henry III of Germany, who visited his favorite palace about twenty times. It is also said that Henry III of Germany is buried in the Town of Goslar in Saxony.
During the winter of 1798, that was considered as the coldest time of the century, the young English poet named William Wordsworth stayed in the Town of Goslar in Saxony. To dispel homesickness, William Wordsworth started to write a few verses about his childhood, which would eventually evolve into the masterpiece that was published in thirteen volumes after his death, known as The Prelude.
Goslar’s Medieval Cathedral
One of the tourist attractions in the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany is the Goslar’s Medieval Cathedral. It was built at the same time as the Medieval Imperial Palace, but only the porch of the Cathedral survived. The Goslar’s Medieval Cathedral itself was torn down in the year 1820. Other sites locals and international tourists can visit are the town hall that was built in the 16th century and the ancient mines of Rammelsberg, which now house the Gosler’s mining museum.
Goslar’s Medieval Imperial Eagle
In the cold war, the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany was considered a major garrison town for the German army and the Border police. After the fall of the Berlin wall, the barrack were vacated and a major economic factor was lost.
Attractions in the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany
There are a lot of tourist attractions people can enjoy in the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany. There are theater houses, museums, churches, sports and events centers.
Odeon Theater
The Odeon Theater is considered as the town’s major theater venue. It has been recently refurbished. It hosts several productions of visiting theater companies, cultural events, comedy shows and various music groups. The Odeon Theater is maintained by volunteers.
Another theater located in the Town of Goslar is called the Culture Power Station Harz or also known as the Kulturkraftwerk Harz is housed in a disused power station. This theater is being run by volunteers, it produces contemporary theater, comedy and hosts to mostly alternative cultural events. The annual Goslar Fringe Culture Darys are held in the Culture Power Station Harz from the start to mid June.
The town also offers various museums. Goslar town’s museums include:
  • The Goslar Museum
  • Museum and Visitor’s Mine Rammelsberg
  • Monks’ House, Museum for Contemporary and Modern Arts
  • The Mediaeval Imperial Palace Museum
  • The Town Hall Gothic Museum
  • Zwinger Tower and Dungeon, Museum for Late Mediaeval History
Religious places in the Town of Goslar are also one of the reasons locals and international tourists visit the town.
The Frankenberg Church
  • Protestant: -Lutheran
    • Congregation Marktkirche, Market Church (build 1151, North Tower mountable)
    • Congregation Neuwerk, Newark Church
    • Congregation St. Stephani, Saint Stephen
    • Congregation Zum Frankenberge, Frankenberg Church
    • Congregation Gustav-Adolf-Stabkirche, Gustav Adolf stave church in Hahnenklee
    • Congregation Martin-Luther-Kirche, Martin Luther Church
    • Congregation St.Paulus Kirche, St. Paul’s Church, in Oker
    • Congregation St. Georg, St. George
    • Congregation St. Johannes, St. John
    • Parish Church St. Kilians in Hahndorf
    • Congregation St. Lukas, St. Luke
    • Parish Church St. Matthäus, St. Matthew’s, in Jerstedt
    • Congregation St. Peter
  • Baptist
    • Congregation Christuskirche, Church of Christ
  • Roman Catholic
    • Congregation St. Jakobi, Saint James the Greater (built in 1073, Goslar’s oldest romanesque church still in use)
    • Congregation Maria Schnee, St. Mary in the Snow in Hahnenklee
    • Congregation St. Barbara (part of St. James’s)
    • Congregation St. Konrad, St. Conrad (part of St. James) in Oker
    • Congregations St. Benno & St. George
    • Abbey St. George
  • Islamic Faith
    • Mosque of the Turkish-German Society
    • Goslar Mosque
Sports events are also very popular in Goslar town in Saxony, Germany. Football or soccer is their major sport, but motor sports, biking, swimming and rock climbing are also popular sports in the Town of Goslar.
Every year, the town hosts two main events, The Goslar Festival that is held in the month of July and The Old Town Festival that is celebrated in the month of September.
Traveling to the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany
Half-timbered houses at the river Gose
Tourists who wish to visit the Town of Goslar in Saxony, Germany has a lot of traveling options. The nearest airport is the Brunswick-Wolfsburg Airport which is located 24 miles from Goslar. Locals and international tourists can also take the Hanover and Brunswick train services that are available frequently. Brunswick regional transport also provides frequent bus services from the central railway station.